Git is the version control tool at the heart of the Pantheon WebOps workflow. If you like to develop locally, it's a good way to streamline your website operations: develop locally, commit, and push to master to deploy code into your Pantheon Development environment.
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Before You Begin
This page assumes that you've:
Download and install Git for your operating system:
Before you can commit your code in Git, you must provide a name and email with which your commits will be associated:
git config --global user.name "Anita Pantheon" git config --global user.email email@example.com
--global option sets these values for all projects you manage with Git.
To set a default editor for commit messages:
git config --global core.editor nano
nano with your preferred text editor or IDE. For example,
code (for Visual Studio Code).
Clone Your Site Codebase
Begin by creating a local copy of your codebase with
In your terminal, navigate to the directory where you keep your projects.
Log in to Pantheon and load the Site Dashboard for the site you want to work on.
In the Dev tab, at the top of the Code panel, click on Clone with Git:
git clonecommand and paste it into your terminal. Git will create a directory as part of the clone, so you don't need to create one:
git clone ssh://firstname.lastname@example.org:2222/~/repository.git my-site
You should see Git fetching the data:
Cloning into 'anita-wordpress'... The authenticity of host '[codeserver.dev.....drush.in]:2222 ([126.96.36.199]:2222)' can't be established. RSA key fingerprint is SHA256:yPEkh1Amd9WFBSP5syXD5rhUByTjaKBxQnlb5CahZZE. Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no/[fingerprint])? yes Warning: Permanently added '[codeserver.dev.....drush.in]:2222,[188.8.131.52]:2222' (RSA) to the list of known hosts. remote: Counting objects: 20503, done. remote: Compressing objects: 100% (8184/8184), done. remote: Total 20503 (delta 12802), reused 19671 (delta 11982) Receiving objects: 100% (20503/20503), 46.65 MiB | 15.16 MiB/s, done. Resolving deltas: 100% (12802/12802), done.
If you run into permission problems, check your SSH key setup. If the clone starts but can't complete, confirm that you have a current version of Git.
You can now edit your site code using your preferred text editor or IDE.
If you want to add a new file to your codebase, you will need to tell Git about it. Otherwise, Git will not track the file.
git add path/to/file.txt
To find out if you have any files in your local clone that Git isn't yet tracking, run:
Any pending changes and files to be added will be listed like this:
On branch master Your branch is up to date with 'origin/master'. Changes not staged for commit: (use "git add <file>..." to update what will be committed) (use "git checkout -- <file>..." to discard changes in working directory) modified: index.php modified: wp-admin/admin-ajax.php Untracked files: (use "git add <file>..." to include in what will be committed) superdev.php no changes added to commit (use "git add" and/or "git commit -a")
You can then cut and paste the paths to these files when using
git add, which stages the files for the next commit.
Push Changes to Pantheon
Sending code to Pantheon is a two step process with Git. First, you need to commit the files locally. Then you need to "push" them to the Pantheon cloud.
In order to tell Git the files are ready, you need to commit them. Every commit includes a brief message so you can later remember why the change was made. It is worthwhile to take a moment and create an accurate commit message to help others understand your changes:
git commit -am "Add a great new plugin to increase awesomesauce level of my WordPress site."
This command uses a combination of options
-ato include all files changed, and
-mto include a commit message:
Any new (untracked) files not staged with
git addwill not be included by the
-aflag. Be sure to review what is and isn't staged with
git statusbefore you commit your work.
If you don't specify a message through the command line, Git will open your default text editor and prompt you to create one. If you exit without providing a commit message, Git will abort the commit. If the commit worked you will see something like this:
[master d2fce4ea] Add a great new plugin to increase awesomesauce level of my WordPress site. 2 files changed, 3 insertions(+)
You have committed the file locally, but you still need to send the changes to Pantheon. To do this, use the
git push origin master
This executes a push to the origin location, (which is Pantheon since that's where you cloned the code from), on the branch "master", which is what your Dev environment tracks.
If you have a passphrase on your SSH key, you may need to enter it to authorize the push. If everything worked, you will see something like this:
Enumerating objects: 9, done. Counting objects: 100% (9/9), done. Delta compression using up to 8 threads Compressing objects: 100% (5/5), done. Writing objects: 100% (5/5), 466 bytes | 466.00 KiB/s, done. Total 5 (delta 4), reused 0 (delta 0) To ssh://codeserver.dev.....drush.in:2222/~/repository.git 27bf0fca..d2fce4ea master -> master
There is a handy list of Git commands (along with a lot of other documentation) on GitHub.
View the Changes on Pantheon
When the push command completes, Pantheon instantly deploys the changes to your development server:
Back to your site's Dev tab in Pantheon, click Visit Development Site, to see the changes made by your new code.
Authenticity & Fingerprint Prompts
Your first connection to any remote server over an SSH connection (like Git or SFTP) will prompt you to confirm the host identity:
The authenticity of host '[codeserver.dev.UUID.drush.in]:2222 ([IP.ADDRESS]:2222)' can't be established. RSA key fingerprint is SHA256:yPEkh1Amd9WFBSP5syXD5rhUByTjaKBxQnlb5CahZZE. Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)?
You can safely type
yes and press enter to add the server's SSH key fingerprint to your computer's
known_hosts file. Additional connections to this specific Pantheon container will complete successfully without prompts. However, you will be prompted to confirm connections following a container migration, which is part of regular maintenance on the platform. See the following Pro Tip to automatically accept all Pantheon connections.
Pro Tip: Trust All Pantheon Hosts
The key fingerprint is a representation of the public key, used by the remote server to identify itself. These public keys, along with private keys, form a keypair used by the Diffie-Hellman key exchange to encrypt communication between you and the server.
On a standard server system, the server administrator would publish their host keys and fingerprints publicly, so clients could match them to the keys presented at these prompts. On Pantheon however, application containers are created and destroyed too rapidly to maintain a public key list.
You can, however, easily tell your machine to automatically trust all Pantheon
*.drush.in servers by disabling the
StrictHostKeyChecking option in your SSH configuration file.
Be aware that this disables a security feature and trusts your DNS system to always point you to the right IP addresses.
~/.ssh/config (or create a new file if one does not exist) and add the following lines:
Host *.drush.in StrictHostKeyChecking no
Now, requests to any
*.drush.in server address should automatically accept the server's SSH key fingerprint without prompting you.
Checking Out Code using GUI Clients
SourceTree and other Git GUI clients generally prompt for a Source URL using HTTP or HTTPS to the repository to check out the site code. Pantheon does not provide Git repository access over HTTP(s), and instead provides a "Git over SSH" command. For example:
git clone ssh://email@example.com:2222/~/repository.git my-site
Some Git GUI clients, like SourceTree, do support the use of
ssh:// URLs to clone the code base.
To configure this URL in SourceTree simply remove the
git clone and the trailing space and 'my-site' name off the end of the command provided in the Connection Info section of your Pantheon Dashboard.
- Source URL:
- Destination Path: The local path where you want to clone the repository.
- Name: Your site name.
Alternatively, you can simply clone the repository using
git clone and then use the "Add Existing Local Repository" option in SourceTree to point to the checked out directory.
If your local network is blocking port 2222, you'll see an error like this when attempting to run
git push, or
ssh: connect to host codeserver.dev.xxx.drush.in port 2222: Operation timed out fatal: Could not read from remote repository.
To clear this up, you may need to work with your network administrators to unblock this port. If this isn't an option, you may need to try a Port 2222 Blocked Workaround.
For further learning, we recommend the following resources:
- Git Documentation
- Pro Git Book
- First Aid Git
- Git Reference
- Git Cheatsheet
- Git Immersion
- Code School - Try Git
- A successful Git branching model
- SourceTree - Git GUI Client
- GitKraken - Git GUI Client
- GitHub Desktop - Git GUI Client
- Repository mirroring
For Pantheon-specific Git questions, see the following: